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MGT 311 Final Exam Guide

MGT 311 Final Exam Guide
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1) In her work in the publishing industry, Vera seeks out new authors whom she considers promising. In the past 2 years she has found a number of new writers whose work she thought was exceptional, and immersed herself in the task of helping them shape their manuscripts
for submission to her managers for publishing. Although she was extremely proud of the results, none of the authors she worked with were chosen for publication. Vera believes that the decision not to publish these authors was based on personal rivalries within management, rather than the quality of her writers' work. She is extremely frustrated, dreads coming into work each morning, and is seriously thinking of resigning. How can Vera’s job attitude best be described?


2) Julia works as a receptionist at a real-estate company. Her boss just came in the door and yelled at her, telling her that the front office

was a mess and that she needed to get up and clean it immediately. After her boss left the room, Julia grabbed three magazines and

violently slammed them into the trash can. Which of the following best describes Julia's action?
    

3) Erin works on a software help desk. After being yelled at by a customer about the state of her company's software, she becomes angry,

and has to take a short break to calm down. What makes her anger an emotion, rather than a mood?


4) Any incompatibility between two or more attitudes or between behavior and attitudes results in what?
 
5) What is the degree to which a person identifies with his or her job, actively participates in it, and considers his or her performance as

being important to self-worth?


6) What term is used for those emotions that an organization requires workers to show and considers appropriate for a given job?
   

7) Janet needs to assign a very important advertising account to one of her writers. First she reviewed each writers work load, then she

studied the sales data of the products for the last three campaigns of each writer, then she reviewed each writer's annual review to

familiarize herself with their goals. Finally, she gave the account to Paula, a very creative, efficient writer who has had high sales results

with her last three clients' products. What is Janet's management style is based on?

8) Basing managerial methods on the best available scientific evidence is called what?
 
9) The manager at a construction site observes that he is spending a great deal of time interviewing prospective employees. This is due to

the large amount of absenteeism and turnover among his skilled workers. While questioning exiting employees, he discovers that many of

them quit because they feel the work place is too dangerous. In particular, several foremen have stated that the need to get the job done

quickly is more important than a few rules, and have gone as far as to mock the courage of workers who question this attitude. What is the

best way for the manager to control the deviant behavior of the foremen?
 
10) Phil loves sales. He has been a stellar sales person since he was 12. Recently he was awarded a full paid trip for two to Puerto Rico for

breaking a company sales record. Phil is so motivated to work, he has set a new goal to break his old record in the coming year. Taking

into account self-determination theory, why did the company recognition and award, an extrinsic reward, motivate Phil?
    

11) Tony loves programming. He was on the ground level of the computer revolution. This year his boss has set personal goals for each of

the programmers, one of which includes a presentation from each programmer about a project. Tony is very annoyed because he has a

tremendous amount of work to do and he will have to spend the weekend, his personal time, preparing the presentation. Taking into

account self-determination theory, why did his manager’s goals and the presentation reduce Tony's motivation?


12) Glendon has a degree in business and worked for 2 years at an international firm in Spain. When the firm suffered cutbacks and

Glendon returned home, he took a job at a nonprofit agency mentoring at-risk Spanish-speaking children. Glendon earns a third of what

he earned in the business world, but has decided that his new goal is to acquire a larger case load and continue to use his Spanish to help

people. Which theory explains why Glendon is happy with a much smaller external reward for his work?

13) Today Marci's boss entered her cubicle and told her that her work has been fantastic, and that because of her last project the client is

going to give the company all of their business. Marci's boss continued to talk about what a great job she's doing. When her boss left,

Marci felt very confident and satisfied with herself and her job. Marci's boss uses communication in which of the following functions?
 
14) What can managers do to make sure that important information is not withheld from them through silence?
    

15) When Neal Patterson, CEO of Cerner Corporation, sent his seething e-mail to 400 managers, he erred by selecting the wrong
    

16) Araceli is a team member in a large corporation. She never speaks in the team meetings because she has seen members talk behind

each others' backs outside of the meetings. Members are constantly monitoring the other member's work, looking for a mistake to point

out in a meeting. According to the information provided, which contextual factor is most likely hindering the success of Araceli's team?


17) Ayesha is leading a group to develop a prototype for a new product. She has chosen three people to work with her. Ben and Tom are

good friends and socialize on the weekend. They are both very creative. Julian is older than Ben and Tom, but they have worked together

before and been quite productive. Julian is organized. Ayesha has never worked with any of the men, but knows the product well. She

brings the highest level of expertise. Which of the following statements best describes Ayesha's group?


18) Irma does not like a few of the standard operating procedures adapted for the new project. However, she discussed the items with the

team and told them that she realized she was in the minority and that she would adapt the new procedures to maintain smooth operations

within the team. What is this type of intention called?

19) Angelina feels that her cubicle neighbor talks too loudly on the phone, but in other ways she is a great neighbor. Angelina gets annoyed

every time her neighbor's phone rings, but she has decided it is simply not worth the trouble to talk to her neighbor. What is Angelina's

conflict intention called?
    

20) For process conflict to be productive, it must be
 
21) The right inherent in a managerial position to give orders and expect orders to be obeyed is termed


22) ________ are consistent with recent efforts by companies to reduce costs, cut overhead, speed up decision making, increase flexibility,

get closer to customers, and empower employees.


23) What is the process through which employees are adapted to an organization's culture?
 

24) If there is a basic conflict between the individual's expectations and the reality of working in an organization, the employee is most

likely to be disillusioned and quit during which stage of socialization?
    
25) When your superior offers you a raise if you will perform additional work beyond the requirements of your job, he or she is exercising

26) Political behaviors usually


27) Regardless of the composition of a group, managers can leverage diversity to achieve superior performance by which of the following

approaches?


28) Effective workforce programs that encourage diversity have three distinct components. First, they inform managers about the legal

framework for equal employment opportunities and encourage fair treatment. Second, they teach managers how a diverse workforce will

be better able to serve a diverse market of customers and clients. Third, they
 

29) If individuals resisting change are included in making change decisions in an attempt to gain their support, what is this approach

called?
 

30) Which tactic to overcome resistance to change is a relatively easy way to gain the support of adversaries, but may backfire if the

targets become aware of the tactic?
  

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